What Are The Three Basics Of Decorating?

So you’ve decided to spruce up your living space and give it a fresh new look, but where do you start? Don’t fret, because in this article, we are going to explore the three essential basics of decorating that will help you transform any room into a stylish and inviting haven. From understanding the importance of color schemes to mastering the art of furniture arrangement, these fundamental principles will guide you on your journey to achieving a beautifully decorated space that truly reflects your unique personality and style. Whether you’re a novice or a seasoned decorator, these tips are sure to inspire and empower you to create a home that you’ll love to show off. When it comes to creating a well-designed and visually appealing space, there are three fundamental aspects of decorating that you should consider: color, texture, and proportion and scale. These elements work together to create a harmonious and balanced design that is both aesthetically pleasing and functional. By understanding and incorporating these basics into your design process, you can transform any space into a beautiful and inviting environment.


Color is one of the most powerful tools in interior design, and choosing the right color scheme can greatly impact the mood and atmosphere of a room. When selecting a color scheme, it is important to consider the psychology of color. Different colors evoke different emotions and can have a significant influence on our mood and behavior. For example, warm colors like reds and oranges can create a cozy and energetic atmosphere, while cool colors like blues and greens can promote a sense of calm and relaxation.

To balance the use of color in a space, it is important to choose a color scheme that includes a mix of both warm and cool tones. This will create visual interest and prevent the space from feeling too overwhelming or monotonous. Additionally, consider the size and function of the room when selecting colors. Lighter colors can make a small room feel more spacious, while darker hues can add depth and richness to larger spaces.

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Texture is an often overlooked element of interior design, but it plays a crucial role in creating visual interest and adding depth to a space. By mixing different textures, you can add dimension and tactile quality to your design. For example, pairing a plush velvet sofa with a rustic wooden coffee table creates a contrast that is visually appealing and adds a touch of luxury to the room.

When considering texture, it is important to also think about the tactile quality of materials. Opt for materials that not only look great but also feel good to the touch. For example, choose soft and comfortable fabrics for upholstery and rugs, and opt for smooth and sleek surfaces for furniture and decor.

What Are The Three Basics Of Decorating?

Proportion and Scale

Proportion and scale are essential considerations when it comes to furniture and decor placement. It is important to ensure that the size of your furniture and decor is proportionate to the size of the room. Oversized furniture in a small space can make the room feel cramped and cluttered, while undersized furniture in a large room can make the space feel empty and uninviting.

To create balance in a room, use focal points to draw attention and create visual interest. This could be a statement piece of furniture, a bold piece of artwork, or even a decorative accent wall. By strategically placing these focal points throughout the space, you can create a sense of harmony and balance.


Pattern is another important element to consider when decorating a space. Mixing patterns can add visual interest and create a dynamic and vibrant atmosphere. However, it is important to mix patterns strategically to avoid overwhelming the space.

When mixing patterns, consider the scale and proportion of each pattern. Choose patterns that vary in size and intensity to create a balanced and cohesive look. For example, pair a large-scale floral print with a small-scale geometric pattern for a visually appealing combination. Additionally, consider the overall style and theme of the room when selecting patterns. Mixing patterns that complement the style can enhance the overall aesthetic and create a cohesive design.

What Are The Three Basics Of Decorating?


Lighting is not only functional but also has a significant impact on the mood and ambiance of a room. Choosing the right type of lighting is crucial in creating the desired atmosphere. For example, soft and warm lighting can create a cozy and intimate feel, while bright and cool lighting can make a space feel more energetic and invigorating.

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When considering the placement of lights, think about the different functions of each area in the room. Highlight specific areas with task lighting, such as a reading nook or a kitchen countertop, and use ambient lighting to create a general illumination throughout the space. Additionally, consider incorporating accent lighting to highlight architectural features, artwork, or other focal points in the room.

Furniture Placement

The placement of furniture is a key consideration in creating a functional and visually appealing space. Arrange your furniture in a way that promotes functionality and facilitates the flow and traffic in the room. For example, place seating areas near the focal point, such as a fireplace or a window with a beautiful view, to create a cozy and inviting atmosphere.

Consider the size and scale of your furniture when placing it in the room. Make sure that the furniture is proportionate to the space and does not overwhelm or overcrowd the room. Additionally, create focal points with furniture by arranging it in a way that draws attention and creates visual interest. For example, place a statement piece of furniture, such as a unique coffee table or an elegant armchair, as the centerpiece of the room.

What Are The Three Basics Of Decorating?


Accessories are the finishing touches that can truly elevate the design of a space. Choose accessories that complement the style and theme of the room to create a cohesive and visually appealing look. Whether it’s decorative pillows, artwork, or plants, accessories can add personality and interest to a room.

When choosing accessories, consider the scale and proportion of each item. Mix different sizes and heights to create visual balance and prevent the space from feeling too uniform. Additionally, consider the color scheme and texture of your accessories to ensure they harmonize with the overall design.

Wall Art and Decor

Wall art and decor play a crucial role in enhancing the overall aesthetic of a space. Select artwork that suits the theme and style of the room, and consider the placement and arrangement of wall art to create visual impact. Hang artwork at eye level to ensure it is easily visible and create a gallery wall with a mix of different sizes and frames for a visually interesting display.

Use decor to enhance the overall aesthetic of the room. Whether it’s decorative objects, sculptures, or vases, decor can add a personal touch and create visual interest. Consider the color, texture, and scale of your decor to ensure it complements the other elements in the room.

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Flooring is an important element in interior design that can greatly impact the overall look and feel of a space. When choosing flooring, consider a style that complements the overall design of the room, whether it’s hardwood, tile, carpet, or laminate. Additionally, think about durability and maintenance when selecting flooring materials. Opt for materials that are easy to clean and maintain, especially in high-traffic areas.

To create a cohesive design, coordinate the flooring with other elements in the room. For example, pair dark hardwood floors with light-colored walls to create a contrast, or choose a patterned carpet that complements the colors and patterns used in the furniture and decor.

Window Treatments

Window treatments not only provide privacy and light control but also contribute to the overall design of a room. When selecting window treatments, consider the function of the space. For example, in a bedroom, choose blackout curtains or blinds that block out light for a better night’s sleep. In a living room or dining room, opt for sheer curtains or blinds that allow natural light to filter in while still providing privacy.

Coordinate window treatments with the overall design by selecting fabrics, patterns, and colors that complement the other elements in the room. For example, choose curtains with a pattern or color that matches the upholstery or decor to create a cohesive look. Additionally, consider the scale and proportion of the window treatments to ensure they fit the size of the windows and the room.

By considering these three basics of decorating – color, texture, and proportion and scale – you can create a beautifully designed space that is both functional and visually appealing. From choosing the right color scheme to arranging furniture for functionality, each element plays a crucial role in creating a harmonious and balanced design. So go ahead, unleash your creativity, and transform your space into a place that reflects your personality and style. Happy decorating!